Country profile: Seychelles
After an ominous,
post-independence start which saw them lurch from a coup, through an
invasion by mercenaries to an abortive army mutiny and several coup
attempts, the Seychelles have attained stability and prosperity.
Citizens of the Indian Ocean archipelago enjoy a high per capita income, good health care and education.
But just a year after independence in 1976, the Seychelles appeared
to be heading down the path of instability which has plagued many
Seychelles People's Progressive Front (SPPF) has been the ruling party
since 1977, when France Albert Rene came to power in a bloodless coup
Economy: Tourism and the fishing industry are the country's biggest foreign exchange earners
The prime minister, France Albert Rene, overthrew the president,
James Mancham, and embarked on a programme aimed at giving poorer
people a greater share of the country's wealth.
though bloodless, resulted in about 10,000 islanders fleeing the
country. Four years later, with the help of Tanzanian troops, Mr Rene
thwarted an attempt by South African mercenaries to restore Mr Mancham.
An army mutiny in 1982, followed by several attempted coups, suffered a similar fate.
But in 1991, possibly in response to pressure from foreign creditors and aid donors, Mr Rene restored multi-party democracy.
country's economy depends heavily on a fishing industry and upmarket
tourism; the latter is vulnerable to downturns in the global travel
market. Fine beaches and turquoise seas are among the main attractions.
The archipelago is home to an array of wildlife, including giant
tortoises and sea turtles. Much of the land is given over to nature
- Full name: The Republic of Seychelles
- Population: 84,600 (UN, 2006)
- Capital: Victoria
- Area: 455 sq km (176 sq miles)
- Major languages: English, French, Creole
- Major religion: Christianity
- Life expectancy: n/a
- Monetary unit: 1 Seychelles rupee = 100 cents
- Main exports: Fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (re-exports)
- GNI per capita: US $10,290 (World Bank, 2008)
- Internet domain: .sc
- International dialling code: +248
President: James Michel
James Michel succeeded France Albert Rene, who led the country for almost three decades before stepping down in April 2004.
President James Michel succeeded veteran leader Albert Rene
In July 2006 Mr Michel won a five-year term in presidential elections.
former vice president, he had served alongside Mr Rene since 1977, when
a bloodless coup brought the long-term leader to power.
Michel pledged to hold a more open dialogue and to involve the private
sector in the debt-ridden national economy. Some analysts have praised
him for executing long-needed but painful reforms to liberalise the
Mr Michel, a former teacher, entered politics in 1974.
He had a 16-year military career and retired from the armed forces in
1993 with the rank of colonel.
The president is the head of
state and appoints the Council of Ministers - an advisory body. Most
members of the legislative body, the national assembly, are directly
elected. Michel also holds the defence, police, information, and risk
and disaster management portfolios.
In the 2006 elections he
gained nearly 54% of the vote compared with the almost 46% won by
Anglican priest Wavel Ramkalawan. In the 2001 polls Ramkalawan won 45%
compared with Rene's 54%.
In the May 2007 elections, the
Seychelles People's Progressive Front retained all 23 out of the 34
seats in the national assembly. The opposition Seychelles National
Party (SNP) took the remaining 11 seats.
The government controls much of the islands' media, and operates radio and TV stations and the sole daily newspaper.
of speech has improved since one-party rule was abolished in 1993, and
private or pro-opposition publications have been robust in their
reporting despite tough libel laws.
However, the opposition
weekly Regar has regularly been sued for libel by the authorities. In
October 2006 it stopped publication in protest against what it called
constant threats from the government.
Steep licensing fees have discouraged the development of privately-owned broadcast media.
cable and satellite TV services are widely available. The BBC World
Service and Radio France Internationale are available on FM.
- SBC TV - state-run, operated by Seychelles Broadcasting Corporation (SBC)
- SBC - operates national mediumwave (AM) service and music station Paradise FM